Italian Imperfect subjunctive tense, grammar exercises in pdf | ELLCI

Italian Imperfect subjunctive tense, grammar exercises in pdf

ELLCI_Italian Imperfect subjunctive tense

Italian Imperfect subjunctive tense, grammar exercises in pdf

Hi,

 ELLCI_teacher Lucrezia

I’m Lucrezia, Italian teacher L27LS in ELLCI, today we will face the imperfect subjunctive together!

Last week we saw the present subunctive, how it is formed and when to use it. Today we continue with the use of the past subjunctive, imperfect and pierced.

To form the imperfect subjunctive, we take the verb infinitely and remove the endings -ARE, -ERE, -IRE.

 

AMARE/
to love
SCRIVERE/
to write  
FINIRE/ to finish
io

tu

lui/lei/Lei

noi

voi

loro

amassi

amaassi

amasse

amassimo

amaste

amassero

scrivessi

scrivessi

scrivesse

scrivessimo

scriveste

scrivessero

finissi

finissi

finisse

finissimo

finiste

finissero

 

The verb AVERE/have is regular, while ESSERE/BE is irregular:

ESSERE
io

tu

lui/lei/Lei

noi

voi

loro

fossi

fossi

fosse

fossimo

foste

fossero

 

Irregular verbs are distinguished because the root of the verb also changes.

Other common irregular verbs are:

 

Fare: Io facessi, tu facessi, lui/lei facesse, noi facessimo, voi faceste, loro facessero

Dare: Io dessi, tu dessi, lui/lei desse, noi dessimo, voi deste, loro dessero

Dire: Io dicessi, tu dicessi, lui/lei dicesse, noi dicessimo, voi diceste, loro dicessero

Bere: Io bevessi, tu bevessi, lui/lei bevesse, noi bevessimo, voi beveste, loro bevessero

 

Italian Imperfect subjunctive tense, grammar exercises in pdf

 

The imperfect subjunctive serves to express a past action that takes place simultaneously with another action described in the main sentence. usually agrees with the indicative imperfect: 

Pensavo che Maria non dormisse bene / I thought that Maria didn’t sleep well. 

Mia sorella non voleva che noi fumassimo vicino a lei / My sister didn’t want us to smoke to smoke next to her.

Matteo credeva che Luca facesse atletica agonistica / Matteo thought that Luca run competitive athletics

 

The imperfect subjunctive is used in the hypothetical sentences at present, speaking of possibility and impossibility.

  • Possible hypothesis: IF + Imperfect Subjunctive [hypothesis] + Present Conditional [consequence

Se io vivessi a Venezia, andrei al Lido tutti i giorni d’estate. / If I lived in Venice, I would go to the Lido every Summer day.

Se tu volessi potresti raggiungerci al cinema / If you wnated, you could join usa t the cinema

Se fossi ricco, mi comprerei un’isola / If I were rich, I would buy an Island

 

The imperfect (or past) subjunctive is used:

1.after the main sentence with a verb in the indicative present to express a past action, with the typical functions of the indicative imperfect (habit, physical and psychological state, description …) 

Penso che Paola, andasse spesso in Francia con la famiglia / I think that Marco used to go to France often when he was a kid 

2. after the main sentence with a past tense verb in the indicative mode to express:
2.1. a future action·
 

Credevo che leggesse il report dopo la riunione / I believed that she would have read the report after the meeting.

Non immaginavo che i tuoi cugini ballassero così bene / I didn’t imagine that your cousins danced so well.

2.2. a simultaneous action

Credetti che leggesse il report quel giorno / I believed that was reading the report that day

Non immaginavo che i tuoi cugini andassero in discoteca./ I didn’t imagine that your cousins were going to the disco.

2.3. a past action, with the typical functions of the indicative imperfect (habit, physical and psychological state, description …)

Ho pensato che Paola, da bambina, andasse spesso in Francia / I have thought that Paola went to France often, when she was a child

Ho pensato che Luca mangiasse al ristorante ogni domenica / I have thought that Luca had eaten at the restaurant every Sunday.